This non-vintage blend of Chardonnay, Pinot Noir and Pinot Meunier wine grapes is sourced from vineyard blocks of significant vine age, specifically established and managed for sparkling wine production in the Pipers Brook district. Clonal selections that produce large berries are favoured over those that produce smaller berries and would otherwise contribute greater phenolics to the base wine. Sites in the Pipers Brook district feature Ferrosol (volcanic) soils, also known as kraznozems. Basalt-derived, they have excellent water holding capacity, offering a steady supply of moisture and nourishment to vines. Vines are grown predominantly on cane pruned, Vertical Shoot Positioned (VSP) trellises that are hedge-trimmed in summer to provide increased bunch exposure to the sun. Row-spacings are narrow, typically 1.5m-2.2m apart.